Carbon and its Compound : CBSE Class 10 X Science (Chemistry) | Video lecture in English

Carbon and its Compound: CBSE Class 10 X Science (Chemistry)

Hello students, here we are going to study the topic as, carbon and its compound from class 10 science chemistry.

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What is carbon?
Carbon is a chemical element like hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen etc. It is versatile non-metal.
Properties of carbon
1) Atomic number
2) Electronic configuration
3) Valency of carbon
4) Self-combination (Catenation)

Occurrence of Carbon
Carbon occurs in two forms in nature.
Free State: Graphite, Diamond, Fullerene.
Combined State: Carbon combines with other elements to form compounds such as carbon dioxide, glucose, sugar, etc.

Allotropes of Carbon
Different forms of an element which have different physical appearance and properties but their chemical properties are the same are called allotropes.
a) Diamond
b) Graphite
c) Fullerene

Compound of Carbon
The compound of carbon is classified into two types.
1) Organic Compounds
Organic compounds are the compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
Organic compounds contain at least one C-H bond.
2) Inorganic Compounds
Inorganic compound does not have any C-H bonds.

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